Malham Cove is a huge curving amphitheatre shaped cliff formation of limestone rock, just north of the village of Malham, in North Yorkshire.
Malham Cove was formed by a waterfall carrying meltwater from glaciers at the end of the last Ice Age, more than 12,000 years ago. The water drop was 80 m (260 ft) high and more than 300 m (980 ft) wide. The colossal amount of water flowing over the waterfall created the curved shape of the cove as the lip is more heavily eroded than the sides.
Today it is a well-known beauty spot within the Yorkshire Dales National Park. A large area of deeply eroded limestone pavement, of a strange pattern rarely seen in England, is above Malham Cove.
There is complex system of caves and tunnels within the limestone cliff. The cave system is estimated to be about 50,000 years old.
The cave systems usually carry away any waters before they reach the drop but after heavy rainfall from Storm Desmond, on 6 December 2015, Malham Cove temporarily became a waterfall for what is believed to be the first time in centuries.
Malham Cove also protects a pair of nesting peregrine falcons which can be viewed during the summer months.